Bhagavad Gita – Introduction to chapter 2 continued

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

The word “Samkhya” also can be interpreted as “numbers.”
The philosophy is also about the “numbers.”
To start with there were no “Numbers.” It was only “Zero.”
The formless Brahman without any qualities “Nirakara and Nirguna” is the “Zero” which we refer to.
The “Purusha” (Parabrahman) decided to play and this became His “Leela.”
He projected forward as the “consciousness, intellect” and from it everything else in the world developed.

Numbers (Samkhya) developed on this principle. The scholars attribute 24-96 in the projection of the “Parabrahman” and these are called as “Tattvas.”
They are:
Prakriti – it is the basic creative power of the Lord creating the ground for the life to begin on the earth.
Mahat – the “Cosmic Intelligence” of the Parabrahman towards the task of creation.
Ahamkara – “The Ego”, “Individuality” which makes the world progress into the material world and prevents progress towards the “Spiritual world.”

The Manas – the mind.
Five Jnanendriyas – eyes, ears, nose, skin and tongue.
Five Karmendriyas – hands, feet, tongue, organs of excretion and the reproductive organs.
The Tanmatras – the five qualities of the sense organs: Sound. Touch, Form, Taste and Smell. (shabda, sparsha, roopa, rasa and gandha respectively.)
The Pancha maha bhootas – the space, the air, the fire, the water and the earth, the five gross elements that make up the prakriti.

Sage Kapila Muni and the story of creation:

Lord Brahma after being asked to take up the task of “Creation” by Lord Vishnu:

From his mind he produced the four eternal youths: “Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanatkumara.” These four refused to take part in the process of creation and withdrew into the spiritual world totally.

Brahma was angry at this refusal and that out of the middle of the forehead, (because of anger) emerged “Shiva.” (Rudra)
Brahma then created the 10 sons: Atri, Angirasa, Pulaha, Pulastya, Kratu, Bhrigu, Daksha, Marici, Vashishta and Narada.
He also created “Dharma and Adharma.”

His shadow then took up a form and that was “Kardama.” (Kardama went to the forest and lead the life of a tapaswi – see below.)
He then developed four faces and the four Vedas emerged from the four faces.
He finally divided his own body into “Male and Female” and these two were “Swayambhu Manu and Satarupa.”

These two had three daughters Akuti, Prasuti and Devahuti and two sons Priyavrata and Uttanapada.

Akuti married Ruchi; Prasuti married Daksha and Devahuti married Kardama. The progeny of the three couples is the various names and forms that form the life on earth as we see.

Brahma commanded Kardama to task up the task of creating life on earth. Kardama agreed to do so but meditated first on Lord Narayana for help. He requested the Lord to provide him with a perfect woman to help in the mammoth task. He also requested for permission to withdraw from the world after fulfilling the task and to grant Moksha.

Narayana granted him the wish and advised Kardama to marry Devahuti. He promised that the son born to him would be none other that Narayana Himself. Accordingly, Kardama marries Devahuti. They get nine daughters first who marry the nine rishis and in the end Devahuti gives birth to a son. That son is the incarnation of Lord Narayana and was named “Kapila Vasudeva.” After the birth of the son, Kardama takes up sanyasa and goes into forest for meditation.

Devahuti brings up Kapila Vasudeva. Aware that the son was incarnation of Narayana, she requests him to teach the path to Moksha. Son Kapila Vasudeva gives her the philosophy of Samkhya. Thus Devahuti is the first one to receive the philosophy on Brahma Vidya (knowledge of the Brahman.) from the Lord incarnate Kapila Vasudeva.

He tells her that the mind is the cause of bondage due to the inherent gunas. The mind is also the route to liberation, he teaches her.

Sri Krishna had diagnosed the patient’s illness as “Hysteria due to ignorance of the Self.” and takes up the task of clearing the ignorance. He starts first by explaining about the “Self.”

Arjuna would have taken up the bow and arrows if commanded by Krishna and won the war for his brother.

When we are not clear on the right action to take up in any situation, we can either listen to expert who tell us exactly what to do and how to do the job. Or we can be taught the subject clearly so that we can analyse the rights and wrongs ourselves. The second option of carrying out the job after analysing it oneself is to be considered the best as we are then answerable to our own conscience.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at ““.

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