Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 5, sloka 14

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 14

NA KARTRUTVAM NA KARMANI LOKASYA PRABHUHU
NA KARMAPHALA SAMYOGA SVABHAVASTU PRAVARTATE.

The Lord does not create agencies, nor action, nor union with the fruits of
action. But nature leads to action.

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It is the opinion of many that as God is within every individual, whatever the
man does it is done by the God and God made him do it. The funny part of it is
that when good things happen he gives the credit to himself and when bad happens
he puts the blame on the God. When Mr. X goes and murders somebody they tend to
say that God inside him made him do that and Mr. X cannot be held responsible
for such an act.

This sloka is to clear that misapprehension. There is only one reality. We
either misapprehend it or non-apprehend it. Non apprehension is due to ignorance
and mis-apprehension is due to ego.

Na kartrutvam: no agency. The feeling of “I” did it is “Kartrutva bhavana”. It
is a mental attitude. It is due to the ego. The God did not create such agency
and it is the individual who creates such a feeling within himself.

Na karamani: no actions. Each one of us conducts a variety of actions. Some are
good, some are bad and some indifferent. The Lord did not make us do any of such
actions.

Na karma phala samyoga: no union with the fruits of actions. Whatever action is
conducted, it will have its own results albeit good or bad. Again the God did
not bring the union with the results. God gave it to me and it is all mine
should not be the attitude to the benefits from actions. When the results are
bad, many are of the opinion that God gave the bad results.

All the three notions are wrong, the Lord says.

We should remember that “He” is only a witness to the actions and acting as a
judge only. The judge may send a person to life imprisonment but he did not make
the person get the life imprisonment. There is a great deal of difference
between the two views.

The word used is that he is “Lokasya Prabhuhu”: he is the Lord of this world and
as such has taken the role of a judge to the actions conducted by men and women.
Not that He is sitting on a high throne and passing his judgement but he is a
witness to all actions by being the Atman within and passes his judgement
accordingly.

Another meaning for the word “Loka” used here has to be analysed too. In
Sanskrit “Loka” means the world created by each individual mind. The
mental/intellectual analysis of the impulses received by the sense organs makes
each individual create his own world. The loka we live is and what we call as
“world” is the consensus of majority agreement of men/women with the impulses
received and analysed. In this sense, what created our loka will be the ego and
not the Lord.

Na Srujati: does not create. “I did not create any of these three” is the
definite statement from the Lord.

But what makes us conduct our actions?
“Swabhavastu Pravartate” is the answer.
It means “but nature leads to actions.”

What is “Nature?”
It is not the nature which is the world around us. The word “Nature” is used in
the context of the way each one of us act.
Our actions as we have discussed several times in detail before is due to the
thought imprints settling as vasanas in our mind.
What we take from the world around, how our mind reacts to the same, how and in
what form it is stored in our mind, how we open up the stored vasanas, the sum
total of these makes our “Nature.”

If we act at the mental level and let the stored vasanas of desires/hatreds
shine out our actions will be rajasic or tamasic.
On the other hand if we act at the intellectual level, think of our thoughts and
actions, analyse whether they are right or wrong, not just for us but for our
loved ones and the society and then conduct our actions, we will be assisting
ourselves in clearing the stored vasanas and our actions will be Satvic.
Finally, if we can use of the consciousness within by letting the light of
divine knowledge shine forth, our actions will be divine and we are said to be
on the path of “Union with the Supreme” and we would be able to experience the
“Eternal Bliss.”

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath
at “snath@btinternet.com“.
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