Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 4, Sloka 10, part 2, Sloka 11, part 1

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath
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Sloka 10

VEETARAGA BHAYA KRODHAA MANMAYA MAM UPASHRITAHA
BAHAVO’ JNANA TAPASA POOTA MADBHAVAM AGATAHA.

Free from attachment, fear and anger, absorbed in Me, taking refuge in Me, purified by the penance in the fire of knowledge, many have attained Me.

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***   continuation from last week   ***

Karma and Bhakti have been given as adjuncts in the path of Jnana.

The purification of the mind by knowledge is “Jnana tapas.” “Putaha” used in this Sloka refers to the purification of the senses. Understanding the correct way to perform karma and accordingly carrying out the correct actions is “Jnana tapas.” Knowing the essential divinity which is one’s own nature, seeing the same in all forms of life around and living the life of divinity is real Jnana.

This is the path to Liberation.

We can see that these three paths of Karma, Bhakti and Jnana are not separate entities but are totally intermingled with each other.
The person who sincerely follows karma yoga becomes a Jnani.
Jnani learns to see divinity in true sense and thereby conducts nishkama karma.
Bhakta is he who sees the divinity in various manifestations and shows his love towards one and all. He has no hatred to anybody.

The experts say that fuel consigned to the fire becomes fire itself.
The fire of the penance, “tapas” which offers the mind and its content of vasanas to the fire of divinity within is “Jnana Tapas.”

Quote:
Sri Ramakrishna:
Maya is inherent in Ishwara. It is constituted of both vidya and avidya.
Vidya Maya assisted by the art of discrimination, devotion, detachment and love of beings takes the aspirant Godward.
Avidya Maya on the other hand estranges man from God.

Finally the Lord says that this has been achieved by many. He is therefore trying to tell us that it is not as difficult as one imagines. It is possible and this determination is needed in the spiritual path. It gives us the fuel to fly upwards to His abode.

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Sloka 11

YE YATHA MAAM PRAPADYANTE TAAM STHATAIVA BHAJAMYAHAM
MAMA VARTMANUVARTANTE MANUSHYAHA PARTHA SARVASHAHA

O Partha, in whatever way men approach Me, even so do I reward them, for the path that men take from every side is Mine.

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Prapadyante: approach
Bhajayaham: I reward them.

In this chapter, The Jnana Yoga, we have in the last 10 slokas been informed by the Lord that He is not just Krishna, son of Vasudeva and Devaki, but the Omnipresent, Omnipotent, Nirakara, Nirguna Brahman. It is us who have given that power various forms and names and worship the same in different ways.

We have a number of different religious denominations all over the world we know of. In each of those main denominations, there are a variety of different branches. We have come to recognise ourselves as separate entities and our knowledge of the Supreme Power is limited.

We are told that it does not matter how we approach the Supreme, we will get due rewards for our efforts.

The results either in the secular world or spiritual world depend upon our actions, knowledge of the actions and devotion to the actions. The more faith we have in the knowledge we have received, the more faith we have in the scriptures or the texts as the case may be, greater will be the final benefits from the actions.

Every way of life, if aimed at the Divine, will eventually lead us to Him.

***   will be continued   ***

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK. 
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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