Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 3, Sloka 4, part 2

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 4:

NA KARMANAM ANARAMBHAM NAISHKARMYAM PURUSHO’SNUTE
NA CHA SANYASAD EVA SIDDHIM SAMADHIGACHATI

Man does not reach the actionless state of Brahman by non-performance of actions.
Man also does not attain “perfection” by renunciation only.

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***   continued from last week   ***

In spiritual evolution we have to climb from being:
Stone man
To
Animal man
To
Man man
To
God man.

The final aim is to achieve “Liberation.”

The higher we climb the spiritual ladder, more responsibility is on us to conduct actions for the welfare of the universe.

Let us remember the verse 47, chapter 2:
Karmanye vaadhikarasthe–.
Clearing the thought imprints needs conducting actions in the spirit of “offering the results of good actions to the Lord” and conducting actions “without any motive for selfish gains.”

Na karmanaam arambha:
This is the first quarter of the verse.
“Arambha” is beginning.
“Na karmanaam” means “not conducting actions.”
There is always a beginning and end to any work conducted.
There is no such thing as “not conducting actions.” The thought imprints on our mind which we carry as a result of past actions is the beginning for all actions. Sooner or later we have to work to burn all the stored vasanas.

Our philosophy tells us that we have all come from “Parabrahman” and we have to finally go back to Him.

The first day we came out into this world, not of this birth, but of the first ever birth into this world (of which we have no notion at all), we started to conduct actions. As we accumulate more and more vasanas due to desires and hatreds in the births we undertake, we have to:
–  Purify our minds of all past thoughts
–  To obtain jnana and finally
–  To attain Moksha.

Actions performed with this principle are true karma. Such actions then become “Yajna.” Yajna is “dedicated action.”

The Vedas prescribe various duties to perform by the members of any one given community to suit the temperament of the individuals. We are part of the community we live in. We have to live in harmony with others. To keep the communities together each member of that community has to take up some form of work. No one in the community has a right not to work.

By asserting that “by not working one does not get Liberated”, Sri Krishna is giving us the motivation to work for the community.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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