Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 3, Introduction, part 1

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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We start with a new chapter today – and so let us start this with our prayer again.

OM SAHA NAVAVATU SAHA NAU BHUNAKTU
SAHA VEERYAM KARAVAVAHAI
TEJASWI NAVADHEETAMASTU
MAA VID VISHAVAHAI

May He protect us both (the teacher and the pupil)
May He cause us both to enjoy (the Supreme)
May we both exert together (to discover the true inner meaning of the scriptures)
May our studies be thorough and fruitful.
May we never misunderstand each other.

CHAPTER 3:   KARMA YOGA

There are so many different angles one can look into to understand “karma” and “Karma Yoga”. Herein I have tried briefly to go into some of the different ways to explain the same and hope this helps in understanding the slokas in the chapter.

1.)  The word “Karma” has a number of different meanings and in the context of this chapter we should take it as “action.”

“Yoga” means “Union”.
As the sacred text is about union with the Parabrahman, which is “Liberation”, we should consider “Karma Yoga” as the actions that assist the seeker towards “Liberation.”

The word “Karma” is pronounced with the emphasis on the letter “R” in it. For those who are not familiar with the Indian scripture, the pronunciation to include “r” might be difficult but not impossible. Making the “r” silent, what is said sounds like “kama” and gives a totally different meaning. “Kama” is “desire” and “karma is “action.”

Some of the other meanings of the word “karma”:
a)  Practice of religious duties.
b)  Destiny/fate.
c)  Moral duties.
d)  A ritual.
e)  Funeral rites (antya karma)

**   will be continued   **

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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