Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Slokas 62 + 63, part 2

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 62

DHYAYATO VISHAYAN PUMSAHA SANGASTESHOOPAJAYATE
SANGAT SANJAYATE KAMAHA KAMAT KRODHOBHIJAYATE

Brooding on the objects of the senses, man develops attachment to them; from attachment comes desire; from desire anger sprouts forth.

Sloka 63

KRODAD BHAVATI SAMMOHAHA SAMMOHAT AMRITI VIBHRAMAHA
SMRITI BRAMSAD BUDDHI NASH BUDDHI NASHAT PRANASHYATI

>From anger proceeds delusion; from delusion, confused memory; from confused memory the ruin of the reason; due to the ruin of reason, he perishes.

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***  continuation from last week  ***

What happens next to these impulses?

a) The mind does not take notice of any,
or
b) the mind might like particular object/objects,
or
c) it does not like the object / hates the object / is frightened of the object.

The brooding on the objects referred to in these slokas is towards the objects of desire.

Let us now draw a graph of the sequence of events:

1) Impulses received by the mind from sense organs.

2) The mind of the seeker likes the impulse (gets attached to that feeling: sanga) and stores the same in its memory bank.

3) Seeker starts feeling that it would like more of the same and wishing for it. (desire: kama)

4) He becomes frustrated and angry (krodha) because
– does not get it
– someone else gets it
– gets it but looses it.

5) Delusion sets in during states of extreme anger. (sammoha)

6) He loses power of discrimination and forgets his status, the surroundings and shouts abuses not realizing what he is saying and who he is dealing with. (smriti bramsha)

7) He ends up by being the architect of his own destruction. (pranashyati)

This is the graphic description of the path to hell as painted by the Lord.

Kama and krodha are the two eternal comrades of evil. They cannot stay separately. Frustration in the process of fulfilling the desire brings in anger that ends up with acts that ruin the individual.

Let us not forget that the desire is not in the object, it is not the defect of the object but it is in the mind of the perceiver.

Mahabharata, our epic, is a beautiful example to understand this sloka. Prince Duryodhana who developed a strong thirst to rule the kingdom did not get his wish fulfilled. He ended up on the battlefield of Kurukshetra that saw nearly ruin of the dynasty, massive destruction and death of soldiers in 18 battalion and finally his own death.

Let us therefore understand that we should “Work for tomorrow but do not for pleasures that tomorrow will/can bring. Depending on the work of today and depending upon the actions of the past days (including past births) tomorrow will bring the results automatically.”

Sri Ramakrishna says:

“Beware of your thoughts and everything will be all right with you.” It simply means that we should analyze the thoughts by making use of our intellectual capacity of reasoning before converting any of them into actions.

In a different way we can say that the contemplation on the “Divine” constantly would help in developing “Desire for the Divine”. Contrary to the sensual world, it would bring in a sense of “Peace and tranquility.”

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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