Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Slokas 1 to 2

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

We start with a new chapter, and so we put the invocation in front again:

INVOCATION

OM SAHA NAVAVATU SAHA NAU BHUNAKTU
SAHA VEERYAM KARAVAVAHAI
TEJASWI NAVADHEETAMASTU
MAA VID VISHAVAHAI

May He protect us both (the teacher and the pupil)
May He cause us both to enjoy (the Supreme)
May we both exert together (to discover the true inner meaning of the scriptures)
May our studies be thorough and fruitful.
May we never misunderstand each other.

OM SHANTIHI SHANTIHI SHANTIHI

Peace, Peace, Peace.
Peace from bodily obstacles like laziness, inertia.
Peace from phenomenal cruelties of nature.
Peace from heavenly wraths.

OM VASUDEVA SUTAM DEVAM KAMSA CHANURA MARDANAM
DEVAKI PARAMANANDAM KRISHNAM VANDE JAGADGURUM.

Salutations to Sri Krishna, the Jagadguru; son of Vasudeva; the destroyer of Kamsa and Chanura; and He who brought immense joy to mother Devaki.

GURUR BRAHMA GURUR VISHNU GURUR DEVO MAHESHWARAHA
GURU SAKSHAT PARAM BRAHMA TASMAI SRI GURAVE NAMAHA

Guru, (preceptor) is Brahma, (the creator), is Vishnu, (the sustainer) and is Maheshwara (the destroyer). Guru is truly the Supreme Brahman. Our salutation to the Guru.

JAYA GANESHA JAYA GANESHA JAYA GANESHA PAAHI MAAM
JAYA GANESHA JAYA GANESHA JAYA GANESHA RAKSHA MAAM.

Praise on to Lord Ganesha. I take shelter in you, please protect me.

JAYA GURU DATTA
OM SRI KRISHNAYA NAMAHA
OM SRI GITA MATAAYA NAMAHA
OM SRI GURUBHYO NAMAHA

Salutations to Datta Guru.
Salutations to Lord Krishna, Mother Gita.
Salutations to all the gurus.

—————————————————————–

Chapter 2:  SAMKHYA YOGA

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

SLOKA 1

SANJAYA UVACHA

Sanjaya said:

TAM TATHA KRIPAYAVISTAM ASHRU POORNA KULE KSHANAM
VISHEEDANTAMIDAM VAKYAM UVACHA MADHUSUDHANAHA

To him who was thus overwhelmed with compassion and was grieving, his eyes full of tears, Madhusudhana spoke these words.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sanjaya has in one simple line expressed the external appearance of Arjuna in the battlefield. He had decided to fight the battle to get justice for his brother but the mind succumbed to the thought of consequences of the action about to be undertaken. So instead of a determined warrior eager for the fight to begin, we see a weak warrior in grief not at the consequences but at the thought of consequences. He was in grief on thinking of the fruits of action.

Lord Krishna is also known as Madhusudhana for having killed the demon Madhu.

He heard the lamentations of the patient in depression and as a great psychoanalyst giving his opinion and offering remedy for the illness.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sloka 2

SRI BHAGAWAN UVACHA:

The Lord said:

KUTASTVA KASHMALAM IDAM VISHAME’ SAMUPASTHITASM
ANARYA JUSHTAM ASVARGYAM AKEERTIKARAM ARJUNA

O Arjuna, whence is this perilous state come upon thee? This un-aryan, shameful and heaven excluding?

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sri Krishna finds faults in Arjuna’s statement on three counts.

a) It is un-aryan.
b) It is heaven excluding.
c) It is shameful.

a) Un-aryan:

Quotation from Manu Smriti, the highest authority:

“Performing one’s duty as per the sastras and at the same time avoiding forbidden duties is the way of an Arya. Only such highly evolved, cultural men are entitled to be called Aryans.”

It also states that children born of parents who act with self-control and follow the sastras are Aryans. It is not a title one can inherit but only a title that comes from the right conduct (so children born only out of lust are un-Aryans).

The Vedas tell us how to become and stay as Aryans. If one becomes and stays an Aryan, he is said to have understood Vedanta. So the word “Aryan” is not meant for a particular race.

Krishna is making an observation only. He states that what you are doing is “un-aryan” and He did not say “You are not an Arya.”

b) Heaven excluding:

As we discussed before, Arjuna was a kshatriya warrior. In the olden days, kshatriyas were taught that fighting in war was not out of order. Death in the war would guarantee entry into heaven.

With the decision/uncertainty to fight, Arjuna would be excluded from entry into heaven.

c) It is shameful:
For a competent warrior who can fight with 10000 soldiers at a time, it would have been a topic for ridicule from the fellow friends, family and the future generation to come.

Sri Krishna knowing that the decision not to fight is wrong, has given his reason for that decision.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

Find out more at www.GitaGlobal.com
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/GitaGlobal or
Follow us on Posterous: http://gitaglobal.posterous.com

Posted via email from International Gita Foundation Trust