Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 59, full

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 59

VISHAYA VINIVARTANTE NIRAHARASYA DEHINAHA
RASAVARJAM RASOPYASYA PARAM DRISHTVA NIVARTATE.

When a man rejects the sense objects by withdrawing the senses, he becomes free from the sense world only. Even his longing also is removed on intuiting on the Supreme.

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“Rasavarjam” is rejecting the sense objects as described in the previous verse and it does not remove the taste for the objective world. The word “rasa” in this sloka refers to the “taste” for the world of objects.

Realization of the “Absolute” will remove the “taste” for the world of objects. Unless one develops sraddha, bhakti on the “Supreme” and learns the art of “meditation” wherein the mind is made to concentrate on the “Supreme” it is impossible to experience “the Bliss.”

The mind of the beginner in sadhana has after all experienced the sense world for a long time. Therefore there is a latent longing for the pleasures from the same within the mind. This, the elders say is “Raga”. Realization of the Supreme is complete only when the vasanas of the past are burnt out completely. This can be achieved either by: a) gradually making its impact of the vasanas less by postponing the actions for further desire prompted actions and finally making them disappear on their own accord. Or b) the individual has to concede to the demands of the mind and then experience the results. In course of time which takes probably many births and deaths, every individual is going to realize the temporary nature of the pleasures and pains. There is no fixed time for experiencing this “Bliss” which is the last step in the path towards “immortality.”

Destruction of the mind, “Mano nasha” and burning out all vasanas is “Vasana kshaya.” These two steps are a must for final success.

“Nirahara” means “no food”. In this context the food means all the sense objects of the world.

By constant application of the intellect without looking for the fruits of actions is the means for “Moksha.”

“Visyaha” means “the objective world”; “vinivartante” means “recede”.

What happens when it is not possible to control the mind is taken up in the next few slokas.

It is true that without knowing the “Brahman” one cannot eliminate the attachments. At the same time knowledge of the Brahman cannot arise without the elimination of attachments. Implementing the art of discrimination is the only step to overcome the attachments to the sense objects. This needs constant practice and the method is known as “Dhyana.” Keeping the constant memory of the Supreme and continuing to discharge one’s duty in course of time brings in success in the spiritual path.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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