Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 56, part 2

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@@@   full text on sloka 56


Sloka 56


He whose mind is not troubled by sorrow, who does not go after pleasures, who is free from attachment, fear and hatred is called a sage of steady wisdom.


###   continued from last week   ###

2) Sukheshu vigata spruha

Vigata spruha: without hankering.

This aspect refers to the “future.” The Lord is advocating the seeker to not hanker after pleasures.

Like sorrow, we do also experience happiness. We have discussed before about the consequences of actions following experience of the pleasures.

The individual experiencing the pleasure will remain in a dream world of his own. His mind automatically will long for more of the same. “Spruhaha” means “longing” for (objects of pleasure.)

Sthithaprajna is “Vigata spruhaha” – he does not long for such pleasures.

He, a Jivanmukta, lives constantly in the state of “Atmananda.” Having united with the “Atman” within, having experienced the “Bliss within,” he lives in constant state of contentment.

He is in a state of constant equilibrium for the results of all past actions, conducts the present actions in the same frame of mind and will remain so in future.

One can compare the intellect to the sun and the mind filled with the vasanas to the clouds. The clouds block the sun only temporarily. The sun will remain the same bright sun constantly. The clouds do not disturb it in any way.

The troubles that can bring obstacles in the path to realise the Atman can be classified into:

a) God sent: lightning, thunder etc, (adhi daivika)
b) Natural catastrophes: fire, flood, landslides etc, (adhibhoutika)
c) Man made, subjective such as acts due to laziness and other negative tendencies from within. (Adhyatmika)

3) Veetaraga bhaya krodaha: he is free from attachment, fear and anger.

Raga – attachment
Bhaya – fear
Krodha – anger.

Raga is attachment to objects of desire. Attachment to one’s own modifications of the physical body, to family, friends, material wealth, position in the society etc.

Thought of injury, illness, physical death etc to own body or to the body of the loved ones; fear of losing the loved material possessions brings in an element of fear. When one loses the object of desire or when someone else gets the object first brings in anger. Anger in turn could lead to total disaster. (this subject is graphically described in slokas 63 and 64 of this chapter.)

As far as he is concerned, the sthitaprajna continues to discharge his duties but does so without the attachment, fear and anger. His actions fit in with the principle of “Karmanye vadhkarasthe”. (sloka 47)

When the same Atman is there in everyone where is the question of getting attached to any particular object/individual?

Attachment, fear and anger can come only when there is more than one. Having realised the same Atman in all, having developed the knowledge of seeing that Atman, there is no question of a separate second thing/object/individual as far as the sthitaprajna is concerned. He has no delusion or sorrow.

Sthitadeehi munir uchyate:

Such an individual of steady mind is called “Muni.”

“Mounam charati iti munihi” – the one who walks in silence is “Muni.”

The sthitaprajna is engaged in speechless absorption in the Self within, enjoys the Self all around and hence he is a “Muni.”

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