Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 55, part 2

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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###  Continuation from last week  ###


Sloka 55

Sri Bhagawan Uvacha


The Lord said:

When a man renounces completely all the desires of the mind, when he is fully satisfied with his mind fixed in Atman, O Partha, he is then declared to be a Sthitaprajna.


We see that many a times the devotees flock to the master and ask the question,
“Swamy, when will I be free from the problems I encounter in this life?”

The true master uses this sloka to give his answer.

He makes it clear that the liberation from the ills of life does not come by magic. The Lord cannot wave His magic wand and say “I clear you of all your past sins and grant you Moksha.”
Each one of us has to work for ourselves to come out of the whirlpool called “samsara.”

The Gita, the sastras, the masters are all there to guide us.

This can come only from unswerving faith and devotion and by carrying out the spiritual discipline.
The mind has to remain in constant state of equanimity.

The seeker has to cast off permanently all the desires totally.
Giving up some desires or giving up desires for certain period of time will not suffice.

True knowledge is the capacity of the mind to visualise the dangers/problems ahead and conducting proper actions under the guidance of the pure intellect.

The aim of Vedanta in general and the Gita in particular is to remove the veil of ignorance about the Self within which is the seat of “Eternal and Everlasting Bliss.”

Practising renunciation is the first step. It is the sadhana.
Experiencing Paramananda is the result. It is “Sadhya.”
Sthitaparajna shows this in his actions.

Atmany evatma tushtaha  –  contented in Atma only, by the atma.

In this statement, the word “Atma” is used twice and the two have different meaning.

The first “Atman” refers to the “Self” (Soul) within and is depicted with capital “A”.
The second “atman” refers to the “mind”. It is the “ego”, the seat of all desires.

The mind has to accept that the pure intellect is the master and be subordinate to it. The pure intellect is subservient to the “antahkarana” and the “Atman” inside. In the final stages of spiritual progress, even the intellect gets merged with the “Atman”. It then reflects total purity and remains in constant bliss.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at ““.

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