Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 47, part 3

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

@@@   http://www.TheGita.org/Downloads/News_07_01.pdf   @@@
(including part 1 and 2 on sloka 47)

###  please note that in the new year the downloads now are named:  …/News_07_NUMBER-OF-WEEK  ###  Happy New Year  ###

Preamble:
Quote from Sri Swamiji´s message at the end of The fourth Global Gita Conference, Dec 31st, 2006 (see www.dattapeetham.com -> What´s New -> Andhra Pradesh -> Gita -> Speech / there´s also photos of Dr. Nath there from 29 Dec / also please take a note that the next Global Gita Conference will be held in the U.K. in August this year):

“I urge all of you to study Gita. Don’t learn it by heart. That is not enough. Study the meaning. When ever possible, go to lecture on Gita where ever it is held. It will greatly help you. If you want my Blessing, if you want my love and affection, if you like me, if you love me, then learn Bhagavad Gita. Learn its meaning. I am saying all this because Gita is your greatest insurance. If you have that insurance of Gita’s meaning in your life, you are saved. Don’t have doubt in it. Even a small doubt will eat your effort away.
May Datta and Krishna Bless you all.
Jaya Guru Datta”

###  now the continuation on sloka 47  ###

Another explanation for the word “Adhikara”: this applies to seekers at higher plane of perfection on the spiritual path.

All the spiritual practices contribute to the purity of the mind. The spiritual seeker in search of “Liberation” has to gain the knowledge. Towards this goal he has to pass through the four gates of entry that finally leads him into the temple of knowledge. These four gates of entry are collectively known as “Sadhana Chatushtaya.” Let us have a brief glimpse into what these four gates are and what do we mean by them.

Sadhana Chatushtaya (four spiritual practices):
Viveka
Vairagya
Shatsampatti
Mumukshatva.

Viveka:
The first gate of entry is “The power of discrimination.” This enables the seeker to distinguish between the permanent and impermanent. We mean, between “Eternal Truth and non Eternal Truth.” The seeker wishing to become one with the Eternal Truth must develop viveka. It is the first pre requisite for the spiritual seeker.

Viaragya:
Once the philosophy of life that leads to the final goal of moksha is accepted, the seeker has to develop the art of detachment from the lower that bind him and prevent him from moving to higher states of perfection. In other words it is the art of “letting go of the lower to reach the higher.” The young child in higher school with the aim of going to the college for higher education, has to develop the art of detachment from the attachments in the high school. Spiritually it is the absence of all worldly passions and freedom from all desires except the desire for “Liberation.”

Shatsampatti:
It means six treasures. They are:

Sama:
The mind is fickle by nature. It gets attracted to many objects around this world. The art of controlling this fickle nature of the mind is “Sama.”

Dama:
It is control of the sense organs. The horses on a chariot are compared to the sense organs. Unless the charioteer gets the reins and the reins are under the control of the charioteer, they fail to run in the direction desired by the charioteer. They tend to run hither and dither.

Uparathi:
For contemplation on the divine, the seeker not only has to develop sama and dama and stop moving towards the desire for worldly objects but also has to learn the art of contemplating on the Atman within. He must practice turning the search light from outer world to the inner world. Uparathi is the art of settling the mind within the heart. Absolute calmness of the mind comes from learning the art of uparathi.

Thithikshatva:
It is the power of endurance. We have discussed this in sloka 14 of this chapter (week 15 in 2006). While progressing in the spiritual path, one is bound to experience trials and tribulations in life. Total freedom from anxiety and mental anguish is essential for progress. Contented life comes when one can master the art of endurance.

Sraddha:
It is absolute faith in the higher. What is the point of studying for a degree in engineering if one does not have faith in the benefit one gets from the degree? What is the point of spiritual practice if one does not have faith in the higher? Sraddha as we have discussed before acts as a fuel for progress.

Samadhana:
This is the process where there are no more thought generating in the mind. It is the state of perfect tranquillity.

Mumukshatva:
It is the burning desire for “Moksha” or Liberation from worldly bondage.

The true spiritual seeker who has acquired the wealth of “Sadhana Chatushtaya” is the “Adhikari” to conduct actions as described in this verse and acquire knowledge of the Atman.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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