Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 25

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Message from Dr. Nath to all the devotees who attended the Poojya Swamiji’s visit to Geseke July 2005.

Jaya Guru Datta.

It is already a year since I had the good fortune to meet all of you and spend three days in your company and forget about the world around. It was pleasing to note that you all received with interest my talk on the Srimad Bhagawadgita. I do hope it was helpful and you were able to follow the explanation. In this regard special tanks to Phalguna who took the trouble of translating it on the spot into German.

Satya, my dear wife and I are now on the way to Trinidad for this year’s work on the Gita at Trinidad and to receive Swamiji’s blessings.

We remember the fond memories of 2005 and this letter is to say hello to all of you and thank you.
Dr. Nath.


Sloka 25


This Self is unknowable by the senses, unthinkable by the mind and is not subject to any kind of change. Knowing this, you should not grieve.


“Avyakoya: unknowable”; “Achintyoyam: unthinkable” “This Self is unknowable and unthinkable” says the Lord.

Anything/object that has a form can be visualised by the eyes;
That has a smell can be recognised by the nose;
That has taste can be recognised by the tongue,
That is tangible can be felt by the skin,
That has a sound can be recognised by the ears.

These five are our sense organs.

They cannot recognise “that” which has no smell, taste, form and sound to it.

“That” which is the “Self” within, which is the primordial energy is therefore “unknowable” by us.

It is like us incapable of visualising the mango tree, the imprint of which is inside the mango seed.

The sense organs send in the impulses to the mind. The mind receives these impulses from the sense organs and with the help of the intellect analyses the same. With its capacity to store these impulses, the mind can think about the objects around us and can imagine the name and forms of the objects around. It can think easily about what is received from the world outside by the sense organs. The sense organs are not capable of giving information about the “Self” within and the “Self around in all forms of life around”. Therefore the mind cannot fathom any details of the “Self”. Self which has no physical features as such is therefore impossible for the mind to imagine and think about.

The next phrase used is “Avikarya”. It means “not subject to any changes.” The changes we can perceive start from the birth and go on till the death. Birth, growth, decay, diseases are part and parcel of the physical body. The “Self” does not have any of these properties we can attribute.

The Lord then says “should not grieve.” Soka or grief is for that which undergoes changes. Disease, death, parting from the beloved ones etc bring in the grief. By body identification known as “Dehadrishti” we experience the grief.

By raising ourselves to higher intellectual plane, if we can lift ourselves to the level of “Atmadrishti”, we will not be subject to the grief.

Soka which is the direct consequence of ignorance of our true nature, can be overcome by “Atma Jnana”. It is knowledge of the Self which can extinguish the grief we get subjected to. This can be had by the study of the sastras, guidance and blessings of the Sadguru.

Arjuna was not illiterate. He had studied sastras. Unfortunately he had not completed the study of the Vedas totally and not understood what he had studied. His mind was not ready to grasp the subtle meaning of the subject taught.

Facing the war, imagining the consequences of the act, made him experience the grief. Presence of the Lord who was his own charioteer gave him the once in a life time opportunity to hear the Gita at the appropriate time. Like they say “when the iron is hot.”

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at ““.

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