Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 24

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 24

ACHEDYOYAM ADAHYOYAM AKLEDYOSHYASHYA EVA CHA
NITYAHA SARVAGATAHA STHANUHU ACHALOYAM SANATANAHA.

The Self cannot be cut, nor burnt, nor moistened, nor dried up. It is Eternal, all-pervading, stable, immovable and ancient.

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This sloka is almost similar to the previous sloka in the meaning it portrays. It reiterates the fact that the Atman is not the five great elements and hence none of the qualities of the elements apply to it.

We have to accept the fact that the “Primordial Energy” without a name and form, known as “Parabrahman” decided to play and brought into play the five great elements and the names and forms that evolved from association of the atomic particles of Parabrahman in conjunction with the five great elements. We cannot trace the origin of “life”, the “maya lila” of the Parabrahman.

It is therefore said to be “Eternal and all pervading.” In the same vein we can add that it is immovable and ancient.

“Nitya” means “constant.” The constant factor in innumerable names and forms is the Atman who is said to undergo the changes which we say “births and deaths” before attaining reunion with the “Parabrahman.”

The same Primordial Energy has to be “all pervading”. There can be no space in the universe or beyond that has no Primordial energy.

The Atman is formless and changeless which is expressed as “Sthanu.”

As we have learnt before, this is compared to the “screen” in a theatre on which are projected innumerable pictures which keep on changing but the screen remains constant and changeless. It fails to be registered in the minds of the viewers of any particular picture.

The Self is:

1. Existence: Truth – Sat.
2. It is Light: Cit.
3. It is Bliss: Ananda.

The Truth is:

Eternal: Nityaha
All pervading: Sarvagartaha
Stable: Sthanuhu
Firm: Achala
Ancient: Sanatanaha.

These are the adjuncts we find in the sloka with reference to the Atman.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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