Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2, Sloka 21

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

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Sloka 21

VEDA VINASHINAM NITYAM YA YENAM AJAM AVYAYAM
KATHAM SA PURUSHAHA PARTHA KAM GHATAYATI HANTI KAM

O Arjuna, he who knows that the atman is birthless, real and imperishable, whom can he slay or cause to be slain?

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“Who am I?” is the question bogging the mind of those in search of the “Truth”.

When awake, we are entrapped by the life around in the material world. Before the “Truth” dawns, alas, we would have developed attachments to those material objects and find it hard to get released from the bondage developed.

When we are asleep, we live in the dream world and experience the sense of attachment to the objects in it.

When we are deep asleep, we lose total body identification and are dead to this world and the world beyond.

Very few are the blessed ones who come to understand that real is the “Atman” and false is the physical body.

We are now in “Samkhya Yoga”, summary of the Bhagawadgita by Sri.Krishna to His disciple Arjuna, seeker after the “Truth” of one’s own identity. The Lord is making it clear that the atman is birthless, imperishable and eternal.

When this is the truth, those warriors assembled in the battlefield who are going to be killed, cannot be considered as really dead. There is going to be a modification in their physical body and their atman will take a new body depending upon their thought imprints.

Atman cannot kill others and cannot get killed is the lesson to learn from this sloka.

Concerning one’s own identification; it is worth recollecting a statement made by Hanuman, the eternal servant of Lord Rama.

It is said that Hanuman was once asked by Lord Rama about his identity. Hanuman’s reply was:

1. When I think I am the body, I am your servant,
2. when I think I am the jiva, I am part of you,
3. when I think I am atman, I am you.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

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