Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 1, Slokas 19 to 22

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sloka 19

SA GHOSHO DHARTRA RASHTRANAAM HRIDAYANI VYADARAYAT
NABHASCHA PRITHIVEEM CHAIVA TUMULO VYANUNADAYAN

The tumultuous sounds of the Pandava army filling all sides reverberated through the earth and sky and the sound from all the warrior instruments brought in a sense of fear in the heart of the Kaurava army.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The Pandavas has 7 massive battalions of soldiers. A number of great warriors starting from Lord Krishna sounded their instruments. This sound was too loud and frightening to hear. Apart from a handful, the Kaurava army, though fighting for Dhritarashtra, respected the Pandavas. They were aware of the powers of Krishna and the Pandava brothers. To hear the sound that signalled the beginning of the great war, brought a feeling of terror for them.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sloka 20

ATHA VYAVASTITAAN DRISHTVA DHARTRA RASHTRAN KAPIDWAJAHA
PRAVRITTE SHASTRA SAMPAATE DHANUR UDYAMYA PANDAVAHA

HRISHIKESHAM TADAVAKYAM IDAM AHA MAHEEPATE

Then, O ruler of the earth, seeing Dhritarashtra’s host being positioned and the fighting about to commence, Pandava, whose ensign badge is Hanuman, lifting his bow spoke the following words to Krishna.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

In the present war, Dhritarashtra’s hosts should be taken as the grand sire Bhishma and the rest of the Kaurava army.
Bhishma had arranged a formation with his army and the warriors had taken up their respective positions.

Arjuna, the master warrior in the Pandava army was brought to the middle of the two opposing forces in the chariot driven by Krishna. He was eager to take up the final task of regaining the lost kingdom.

The ensign badge on the chariot had the picture of Hanuman. This has some significance and we should learn about the same.

1)  Hanuman represents the path of “Bhakti.” His bhakti or devotion is only to Lord Rama.

During the period of exile, Bhima had an occasion to fulfil Droupadi’s wish. She had accidentally come across an unusual flower in the forest and fell for it. She pleads with Bhima to get the flower for her.

Bhima went on a mission to find that flower. On the way, in the narrow path, there sat an old monkey which obstructed the path. Bhima arrogantly orders the monkey to move out of his way. The monkey replies that he is old and weak and has no physical strength to move an inch. He pleads Bhima to lift him physically and place him out of the path. Bhima finds that with the massive physical strength he had, he could not even lift the tail of the monkey an inch off the ground.

He then requests the monkey to pardon him for the arrogant behaviour. The monkey in turn reveals his true identity of Hanuman. Hanuman is considered to be the son of Lord Wind. Bhima is also considered to be the son of the Lord Wind. Thus, the two were really brothers.

Hanuman blesses Bhima and promises to help the Pandavas. He would represent himself on the flag of the Pandavas on the chariot driven by Lord Krishna.
Thus comes the situation when the flag on Arjuna’s chariot gets the picture of Hanuman.

2)  Hanuman is considered to be the eternal servant of Lord Rama. For him there exists only one God and he is no other than Lord Rama.

He knew the identity of Krishna as his beloved Lord Rama. We therefore have another episode that proves that Krishna is the “Avatara” of Vishnu. Lord Rama from Treta Yuga, had reincarnated as Krishna in Dwapara Yuga.

3)  Hanuman represents Bhakti. The Pandavas led by Arjuna, had the flag with Hanuman on the chariot. It signifies that the Pandavas engaged in war had followed the path of Bhakti.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sloka 21and 22

ARJUNA UVACHA

SENAYOR UBHAYOR MADHYE RATHAM STHAPAYA ME’CHYUTA
YAVAD ETAN NIREEKSHYEHAM YODDHU KAMAAN AVASTHITAAN

KAIR MAYA SAHA YODDHAVYAM ASMIN RANA SAMUDYAME

Arjuna said:

Place my chariot, O Achyuta, between the two armies so that I may behold the war-minded that stand here, with whom I must wage this war.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Achyuta refers to Krishna. It is one of the 1008 names attributable to Him. The word “Achyuta” means, “The one who does not fall.”

The three states of spiritual evolution of humans is said to be:
Tamasic — lazy, indolence, ignorant state.
Rajasic — active, passionate, selfish state.
Satvic — pure state.

We are supposed to lift ourselves from the lower state of “Tamas to Rajas”. We should then rise from “Rajas to Satva.”
Having succeeded in climbing up the spiritual ladder, even though one reaches the higher state of “Satva”, there develops a sense of pride in having reached the state of “Satva.” It is like getting a higher degree like “Masters” in one’s studies.

Unfortunately, human mind being what it is, sense of “Pride” takes over. We start looking down upon the ones below us. This sense of pride eventually leads to the downfall again from the spiritual heights reached.

The only ones who can climb up even further than “Satva” are those who manage to drop the “Ego” and merge with the “Supreme.” This state is called “Suddha Satva.”
Having become one with the “Supreme”, there is no further drop from the spiritual heights reached. Such an individual looses his own identity and becomes the “Supreme” by becoming one with it.

This state is the state of “Achyuta”. – “He, who does not fall down.”
The Lord never falls down from the state of “Supreme Purusha”.

One can also see that from this sloka onwards, Arjuna uses the word “my”, “I” many number of times. This demonstrates the power of “Ego” in him.

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.

Find out more at www.GitaGlobal.com

Posted via email from International Gita Foundation Trust