Introductory Podcast


Namaste and Welcome All of you for this new Podcast on Srimad Bhagavad Gita.

International Gita Foundation Trust was founded in 2003.
With the primary objective of promoting the sacred universal philosophy of the Srimad Bhagavad Gita.
We conduct Annual Gita Conferences across the world. Where in savants, saints, sadhus, philosophers, youth have taken part. We like to involve the youth from different religious backgrounds and let them express their views.
The reason for publishing this podcast series is to present the sacred text in a format that is easy to understand for the different age groups, and develop an interest to listen, incorporate it in our daily life and experience the peace. The podcast series is available for your convenience and we will publish them at regular intervals. These recordings will be made available on CDs as well.
Om Shantihi Shantihi Shantihi

Introduction.

Let us take up few simple questions.

What is Gita?
What is Bhagawadgita?
Who composed it?
Who is Veda Vyasa?
Are there any other Gitas?
When did the Gita take birth?

Gita means “a song” and generally it refers to the Srimad Bhagawadgita.
Bhagawadgita is the song that came from the lips of Bhagawaan Sri Krishna.
In the entire Gita consists of 701 verses, sage poet Veda Vyasa, addresses Sri Krishna as “Bhagawan”. He says “Bhagawaan Uvacha” (said by Bhagawaan) and does not say Krishna said.
“Bhaga” means “Glory”.
The glory of Lord Vishnu is expressed in pictorial form with Vishnu having “Six Glories”.
They are:
The conche (shanku)
The wheel
The mace
The lotus
The Crown
The Glow behind (Tejas).

The blowing from the conche (shanku) is to announce His arrival whenever there is upsurge of unrighteousness.
The wheel represents “Wheel of time”. As “Time” I will annihilate anyone at any time I decide to, is its meaning.
The mace warns that He will crush the ego,
The Lotus depicts, “Non attachment.”
The crown represents that He is the emperor of the entire universe.
The Glow is the spiritual glow as he is the Vedas itself.

Hence, the sacred text is known as Srimad Bhagawadgita.”
Srimad Bhagawadgita is considered to be the most sacred philosophical text for Hindus all over the world. As a matter of fact, one can consider that it is for humanity in general and not particularly only for the Hindus. This is so because its aim is “Universal Welfare, Peace and Harmony” not just for the present but for the entire period of life on this universe.

It is the celestial song by Lord Krishna to the mankind through the medium of Arjuna
The Gita is an approved and tested tool by the masters whose only wish was “Universal Welfare.” It the tool for uplifting the individual spiritually and destroying the ego.
It is a navigational tool that helps one to negotiate the obstacles in the spiritual journey in quest of “The Eternal Bliss.”

It is for reorganisation of the minds and brings about “Renaissance.”
It is for reorganisation of lives and brings about “Transformation.”
It is Moksha Sastra for rare few who look for “Moksha.”(Liberation)
It is Dharma Sastra for those who want to lead the life of “Righteousness.”
It is Jnana sastra for those who want have the knowledge of the Purusha and Prakriti.
It is Jnana bhandara as it is never ending store house of knowledge and is available to all.
For majority, it is Jivana Sastra/karma sastra (art of living) for those who want to have a life with minimal pains and sorrows and experience as much happiness as possible.

It is considered to be the summary of 108 Upanisads. The Upanisads in turn are the summary of the Four Vedas. The Vedas are the “Revealed Sacred Texts” of the Hindus and are the most ancient texts on philosophy.
To understand the true meaning incorporated in the sacred text, it is preferable for the reader to have the knowledge of the epic “Mahabharata.” Understanding the story of Mahabharata helps greatly to follow the Gita.
There is a saying: The Gita is summary of the qualities of the various characters encountered in the Mahabharata.”
Mahabharata can be considered as personification of the qualities enumerated in the Gita.”
It consists of 701 slokas divided into 18 chapters. Each chapter has a title and is considered as a Yoga which is a means to unite with Brahman.

Lets go back 3200 BC

Sanjaya, the trusted minister of the blind king Dhritarashtra was bestowed with divine vision by Sage poet Sadguru Veda Vyasa so that he could narrate the events on the battlefield between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.
Sanjaya narrates verbatim the entire Gita as a dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna. It is in Sanskrit language, the most ancient language of the Hindus.

Hari Om Tatsat Sri Krishnarpanamasthu 


 

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK. 

Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“. 
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/GitaGlobal or 
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Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 5, sloka 18, part 1

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

@@@ http://www.TheGita.org/Downloads/News_10_44.pdf @@@

*** HAPPY DIWALI ***

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Sloka 18

VIDYA VINAYA SAMPANNE BRAHMANE’ GAVI HASTINI
SHUNI CHAIVA SHWAPAKE’ PANDITAHA SAMADARSHINAHA.

The sage look with equal eye on a Brahmana endowed with knowledge and humility,
a cow, an elephant, a dog and an outcaste who feeds on dog’s flesh.

#################

The sage referred to in this sloka is the seeker who has put into practice the
essence of the last verse and he is recognised as a true pandita. The doctrine
of “Universal love” is the hallmark of Gita and stressed in this verse. It is
not only the doctrine of brotherhood of man but love and compassion to all forms
of life.

We learnt from the last sloka that the seekers by such practice would succeed in
dispelling their sins by acquiring knowledge. The highest knowledge to be learnt
is “Samatvam”. “Equal vision” is “Samatvam.” It is seeing the same “Atman” in
all. It is the true knowledge and he who puts into practice this philosophy is a
pandita.

*** will be continued ***

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath
at “snath@btinternet.com“.
Find out more at www.GitaGlobal.com
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/GitaGlobal or
Follow us on Posterous: http://gitaglobal.posterous.com

Posted via email from International Gita Foundation Trust

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 5, sloka 17, part 2

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

@@@ http://www.TheGita.org/Downloads/News_10_43.pdf @@@

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Sloka 17

TADBUDDHAYAS TADATMA TANNISHTA TATPARAYANAHA
GACHYANTYA PUNARAVRTTIM JNANA NIRDHOOSHA KALMASHAHA.

Intellect absorbed in “That”, Self being “That”, established in “That”, “That”
being the supreme goal, they go whence there is no return, their sins dispelled
by knowledge.

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*** continued from last week ***

Tat Parayanaha: That being the Supreme goal.

This refers to the practice of “Meditation”.
The sastras advice that “God realisation” should be the goal in life. “God
realisation” means realising the presence of God in all and respecting the God
in all.

Gachyanti Apanaravruttim: They go whence there is no return.

In the material world we live in, absorbed in acquiring material gains we spend
our time fulfilling our wishes and dreams. We have examples of businessmen,
industrialists, politicians who have succeeded in their efforts by being totally
absorbed in that and established in that objective. The success gained in the
material world is related to time, space and causation. The happiness of
achieving this success is not permanent.

On the contrary, the “Peace, Bliss” experienced on uniting with the Parabrahman
is the end of spiritual journey. It is union with the “Supreme”. When there are
no more vasanas stored in the mind and the mind does not register any new
vasanas it is said to be the ideal condition to merge with Brahman.

This can happen only when their sins are dispelled by knowledge. The “sins”
referred to here are the “vasanas.” Clearing the stored vasanas in the mind and
not letting new vasanas get registered in the mind comes from “Knowledge”.
Highest knowledge the sastras would like us to develop is understanding the
Mahavakya “Tat Tvam Asi.”

Let us all stop in our path for a moment,
contemplate on what progress we have made and on our future actions in relation
to the goal of life,
make a critical self-analysis of our actions in relation to our life,
and we are sure to succeed and experience “Sat Chit Ananda.”

This takes us on beautifully to the next sloka, which is:

Sloka 18

VIDYA VINAYA SAMPANNE BRAHMANE’ GAVI HASTINI
SHUNI CHAIVA SHWAPAKE’ PANDITAHA SAMADARSHINAHA.

The sage look with equal eye on a Brahmana endowed with knowledge and humility,
a cow, an elephant, a dog and an outcaste who feeds on dog’s flesh.

*** commentary follows next week ***

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr. Nath
at “snath@btinternet.com“.
Find out more at www.GitaGlobal.com
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/GitaGlobal or
Follow us on Posterous: http://gitaglobal.posterous.com

Posted via email from International Gita Foundation Trust

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 5, sloka 17, part 1

Newsletter on Bhagavadgita by Dr. P.V. Nath

@@@ http://www.TheGita.org/Downloads/News_10_42.pdf @@@

#################

Sloka 17

TADBUDDHAYAS TADATMA TANNISHTA TATPARAYANAHA
GACHYANTYA PUNARAVRTTIM JNANA NIRDHOOSHA KALMASHAHA.

Intellect absorbed in “That”, Self being “That”, established in “That”, “That”
being the supreme goal, they go whence there is no return, their sins dispelled
by knowledge.

#################

Tad Buddhaya: buddhi/intellect absorbed in “That.”:

Intelligence/intellect is the God’s gift and privilege to the mankind. It is
important that we learn the art of making proper use of this special gift. For
what good we may have done in the past, we are blessed with the birth as humans.
We have to climb up from the plane of “stone man to animal man,” from “animal
man to man man”, from “man man to God man”. This is possible when our intellect
is totally absorbed in “That.” The role of the intellect in our body is
“Reasoning capacity.”

The reasoning capacity can be either good or bad. If it is bad it is due to the
ego/ahamkara and it is then known as “Durbuddhi”. Selfishness predominates in
all the reasoning tasks.

If it is good, it relates to the Atman within in all its reasoning tasks. It
will then take the individual on towards the upward path in spiritual progress.
Such buddhi which has no ego in it is “Subuddhi.” “Intellect absorbed in That”
refers to “Subuddhi.”

It does not mean that we forget our role in the society. Every act we conduct
has to be in the spirit of “Working for our Master.” We should continue to
discharge our duties to repay the debt to the society and at the same time be
humble servants of the Divine Master. “Intellect absorbed in That” implies
remembering this advice from the spiritual masters.

“Tad Atmanaha”: their self being That:

This refers to the “Mind.” It is not the Atman but “Jivatma”. The Jivatma is the
Atman that has developed contact with the outer world and forgotten its true
identity. “Tadatmanaha” means the mind has to remember its connection to the
Atman, ever pure and in constant bliss. Keeping in memory the true identity of
oneself is “Tadatmanaha.” It simply means that one should not have the “Ego” in
their thoughts, actions and speech.

“Tan Nishtaha”: established in That:

It refers to the state of the mind in relation to the impulses received from the
sense organs. Despite receiving the various impulses from the world around, the
mind should never forget the union with the Atman within.

The search light from the mind focussed externally through the sense organs
should be directed towards the Atman within and,
The mind at the same time must remember that it should be under the control of
the intellect.
Meeting these two conditions is “Tan Nishtaha.”

*** will be continued ***

Copyright for the texts on Bhagavad Gita by Dr. P.V. Nath, UK.
Questions concerning the text please direct to Dr.
Nath at “snath@btinternet.com“.
Find out more at www.GitaGlobal.com
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/GitaGlobal or
Follow us on Posterous: http://gitaglobal.posterous.com

Posted via email from International Gita Foundation Trust